Phlebotomist Schools

Medical technology continues its ineffable march forward year after year. Not only have we seen incredible advancements in surgery, pharmaceuticals, and treatments for common conditions, but people are living longer than ever, and there’s been a concurrent rise in demand for medical services. This has led to an explosion of careers in medicine, new and old. Among these professions is the timeless field of phlebotomy, the medical science of puncturing a vein to draw blood or introduce fluids.

Phlebotomists serve an invaluable function to society by drawing blood from patients for transfusions, donations, research, and various types of medical assessments. There are a variety of phlebotomy schools to get candidates prepared for their certification exams and for a rewarding job in this medical field. In order to work effectively, phlebotomists must be uniquely trained in not only the technical aspects of the occupation, but in communicating with patients and medical staff as well. Every patient who must give blood appreciates a well-trained, affable phlebotomist.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2014), this occupation is projected to increase 27% between 2012 and 2022, more than double the average growth expected for all occupations (11%). That’s an estimated increase of more than 27,000 jobs, a figure that bespeaks a level of professional security not offered to every job in this era of rapid change.

So how does one join this career on the rise? Phlebotomy schools offer programs that typically take less than one year to complete, but can vary in length depending on the classes and electives offered, the state in which the program is completed, and the accrediting body. Many programs are offered through community colleges, technical schools, or vocational schools. These postsecondary programs normally involve both classroom and laboratory portions, with courses such as anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology. The successful completion of a supervised externship in a medical setting is also common.

There are a number of organizations that offer certifications for phlebotomists, also known as phlebotomy technicians. Candidates generally need to complete an accredited program from a phlebotomy school and have some clinical experience (e.g., externship) as well. After completing these prerequisites, individuals may be qualified to take a certification exam. These tests normally involve a written portion and a practical component to demonstrate the candidate’s efficacy at drawing blood.

For those who are interested in joining a high-growth medical profession with ample opportunities to interact with patients as well as perform laboratory analyses, phlebotomy might be an excellent career to choose.

Phlebotomist fast facts
Projected Jobs Created27,100
Projected Job Growth27%
Low Salary$21,760
Average Salary (Median)$31,410
High Salary$43,190
Entry-Level EDUCertification
Sourced from BLS, January 2015

Degree & Certification Programs

There are a number of phlebotomy schools which can help get a candidate prepared for certification and a career in this growing field. These programs are generally offered through community colleges and technical schools, but there are other options as well. While there are no programs that can be taken exclusively online due to the necessity of a lab component, a number of phlebotomy schools offer flexible options for their students where many of the courses can be taken remotely.

Finally, most phlebotomy schools have a few requirements for interested candidates. Prospective students typically must have the following:

  • High school diploma or GED

  • CPR certification

  • Immunizations

It’s important to check the varied requirements of phlebotomy schools prior to completing the application.

O*NET offers a tool to help individuals find programs within their state. Here is a sampling of accredited programs taken from the five states with the highest employment levels in this occupation: California, Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.

  1. California – According to the BLS (2013), California has the highest level of employment for phlebotomists at 11,000. This is one of four states that requires its phlebotomists to have a special state certification before practicing the profession.

    The Long Beach City College, a public two-year institution, offers a phlebotomy technician program which generally takes less than one academic year to complete. In California, Certified Phlebotomy Technician 1 (CPT 1) is the official job title for these professionals. This program is approved by the state and involves two courses in addition to a clinical portion. The first course, ADH220, is a hands-on class involving the drawing of blood from a practice mannequin and later from one’s classmates. It teaches safe procedures for the withdrawal, usage, and disposal of blood. The final course, AH220AD, offers students the opportunity to use their new blood-drawing skills under the supervision of licensed phlebotomists and clinical laboratory scientists. Students are required to spend at least 50 hours in a supervised medical center before completing the program.

  1. Texas – Texas has the second highest number of phlebotomists at 8,050. One program at Galveston College, another two-year public school, similarly offers two courses as part of its phlebotomy program with a heavy emphasis on the clinical portion. Upon completion of these classes, the student will be eligible to take the American Society of Clinical Pathologists Board of Registry exam in order to complete the certification process. Similar to other programs, it typically takes around one year to complete.

  1. Florida – Florida ranks third in employment of phlebotomists at 6,240. Eastern Florida State College, a public four-year institution, has a 16-week program for phlebotomy technicians. The first six weeks involve a “minimester” course with a lab, and the program finishes with a ten-week supervised hospital externship involving 105 hours of clinical experience. After completing this program, students can take one of the national certification exams. In order to gain admittance, students must be at least 18 years old.

  1. Pennsylvania – Pennsylvania, fourth in employment of phlebotomists, has 5,090 of these medical professionals across the state. Bucks Community College, a public two-year school, prepares students for the range of employment responsibilities including drawing blood and processing the specimens. This phlebotomy program comprises theory and laboratory practice for 15 weeks, in addition to a five-week externship in a hospital setting under the supervision of medical technologists and phlebotomists. Some of the courses in this program include medical terminology, basic human anatomy, medical law and ethics, and phlebotomy procedures and techniques. Following the completion of the phlebotomy classes and externship, students are eligible to sit for the certification exam.

  1. Ohio – Finally, Ohio employs 4,900 phlebotomists. A program at Columbus State Community College similarly offers two courses to teach blood collection, handling procedures, and basic equipment usage. Additionally, these classes teach students about safety, medical ethics, and professional standards. Forty-eight hours of clinical experience are also required for the successful completion of this program.

In sum, most phlebotomy schools offer one-year programs comprising two courses. These combine both theoretical and clinical aspects of drawing blood. They traditionally involve both coursework and an externship where the students can practice their techniques on mannequins and finally live subjects, normally their classmates, in order to prepare them for the certification exams.

List of Phlebotomist Schools

Filter by state :
SchoolCityStateWebsiteTotal grads (2013)
Manhattan InstituteNew YorkNew Yorkhttp://www.manhattaninstitute.edu/ 489
Ivy Tech Community CollegeIndianapolisIndianahttp://www.ivytech.edu254
Truckee Meadows Community CollegeRenoNevadahttp://www.tmcc.edu148
Bates Technical CollegeTacomaWashingtonhttp://www.bates.ctc.edu/139
Central New Mexico Community CollegeAlbuquerqueNew Mexicohttp://www.cnm.edu120
Pima Medical Institute-East ValleyMesaArizonahttp://pmi.edu125
Schoolcraft CollegeLivoniaMichiganhttp://www.schoolcraft.edu111
Pima Medical Institute-RentonRentonWashingtonhttp://pmi.edu113
Moraine Valley Community CollegePalos HillsIllinoishttps://www.morainevalley.edu/ 101
Lansing Community CollegeLansingMichiganhttp://www.lcc.edu101
College of Lake CountyGrayslakeIllinoishttp://WWW.CLCILLINOIS.EDU94
MTI CollegeSacramentoCaliforniahttp://www.mticollege.edu/ 89
Medical Professional InstituteMaldenMassachusettshttp://mpi.edu/ 86
Miami Dade CollegeMiamiFloridahttp://www.mdc.edu/main/87
Harper CollegePalatineIllinoishttp://www.harpercollege.edu83
Florida Gateway CollegeLake CityFloridahttps://www.fgc.edu/81
Pasco-Hernando Community CollegeNew Port RicheyFloridahttp://phsc.edu/programs82
Renton Technical CollegeRentonWashingtonhttp://www.rtc.edu71
Waubonsee Community CollegeSugar GroveIllinoishttp://www.waubonsee.edu68
Seattle Community College-North CampusSeattleWashingtonhttp://www.northseattle.edu69
Bridgerland Applied Technology CollegeLoganUtahhttp://www.batc.edu67
Harrisburg Area Community College-HarrisburgHarrisburgPennsylvaniahttp://www.hacc.edu64
Ohio Medical Career CenterDaytonOhiohttp://www.omcc.edu62
California Nurses Educational InstitutePalm SpringsCaliforniahttp://cnei.edu/ 62
Dixie State UniversitySaint GeorgeUtahhttp://www.dixie.edu/63
Seattle Vocational InstituteSeattleWashingtonhttp://sviweb.sccd.ctc.edu59
Phoenix CollegePhoenixArizonahttp://www.phoenixcollege.edu58
Dawn Career Institute IncWilmingtonDelawarehttp://www.dawncareerinstitute.edu57
Clover Park Technical CollegeLakewoodWashingtonhttp://www.cptc.edu56
Hagerstown Community CollegeHagerstownMarylandhttp://www.hagerstowncc.edu/admissions/apply-online55
Front Range Community CollegeWestminsterColoradohttp://www.frontrange.edu55
De Anza CollegeCupertinoCaliforniahttp://www.deanza.edu/50
Bucks County Community CollegeNewtownPennsylvaniahttp://www.bucks.edu/49
Pima Medical Institute-HoustonHoustonTexashttp://pmi.edu47
Pensacola State CollegePensacolaFloridahttp://www.pensacolastate.edu47
Community College of Allegheny CountyPittsburghPennsylvaniahttp://www.ccac.edu46
Arkansas State University-NewportNewportArkansashttp://www.asun.edu46
Pueblo Community CollegePuebloColoradohttp://www.pueblocc.edu43
Wiregrass Georgia Technical CollegeValdostaGeorgiahttp://www.wiregrass.edu42
Technical Education Center-OsceolaKissimmeeFloridahttp://www.teco.osceola.k12.fl.us42
Stautzenberger College-MaumeeMaumeeOhiohttp://sctoday.edu/ 42
McCann School of Business & TechnologyPottsvillePennsylvaniahttp://www.mccann.edu42
Northern Essex Community CollegeHaverhillMassachusettshttp://www.necc.mass.edu/41
Lake Superior CollegeDuluthMinnesotahttp://www.lsc.edu41
Eastern Florida State CollegeCocoaFloridahttp://www.easternflorida.edu40
Columbiana County Career and Technical CenterLisbonOhiohttp://www.ccctc.k12.oh.us/40
Pima Medical Institute-TucsonTucsonArizonahttp://pmi.edu39
Baker College of Auburn HillsAuburn HillsMichiganhttp://www.baker.edu39
West Georgia Technical CollegeWacoGeorgiahttp://www.westgatech.edu38
ATA CollegeLouisvilleKentuckyhttp://www.ata.edu38
American Institute of Medical Sciences & EducationPiscatawayNew Jerseyhttps://www.aimseducation.edu/ 38
Aims Community CollegeGreeleyColoradohttp://www.aims.edu38
Tri-County Adult Career CenterNelsonvilleOhiohttp://www.tricountyadultcareercenter.org37
Southern University at ShreveportShreveportLouisianahttp://www.susla.edu37
Des Moines Area Community CollegeAnkenyIowahttps://www.dmacc.edu/Pages/welcome.aspx 37
Mercer County Technical Education CenterPrincetonWest Virginiahttp://www.edline.net/Notification.page 36
Goodwin CollegeEast HartfordConnecticuthttp://www.goodwin.edu36
Arkansas Northeastern CollegeBlythevilleArkansashttp://www.anc.edu36
Wake Technical Community CollegeRaleighNorth Carolinahttp://www.waketech.edu/35
South Arkansas Community CollegeEl DoradoArkansashttp://www.southark.edu35
Columbia Basin CollegePascoWashingtonhttp://www.columbiabasin.edu35
City Colleges of Chicago-Wilbur Wright CollegeChicagoIllinoishttp://ccc.edu/colleges/wright/pages/default.aspx35
Brookline College-PhoenixPhoenixArizonahttp://brooklinecollege.edu/ 35
Arapahoe Community CollegeLittletonColoradohttps://www.arapahoe.edu/ 35
Santa Fe Community CollegeSanta FeNew Mexicohttp://www.sfcc.edu34
Brookline College-TucsonTucsonArizonahttp://brooklinecollege.edu/ 34
Savannah Technical CollegeSavannahGeorgiahttp://www.savannahtech.edu33
Cuyahoga Community College DistrictClevelandOhiohttp://www.tri-c.edu33
Ultimate Medical Academy-ClearwaterClearwaterFloridahttp://www.ultimatemedical.edu33
Tennessee College of Applied Technology-NashvilleNashvilleTennesseehttp://www.tcatnashville.edu33
Milwaukee Area Technical CollegeMilwaukeeWisconsinhttp://www.matc.edu/ 32
Institute for Business and TechnologySanta ClaraCaliforniahttp://ibttech.com/programs/32
Fortis Institute-ScrantonScrantonPennsylvaniahttps://www.fortis.edu/ 32
Marion County Community Technical and Adult Education CenterOcalaFloridahttp://ctae.edu 31
Technical Learning Centers IncWashingtonD.C.http://www.tlc-corp.com30
Sinclair Community CollegeDaytonOhiohttp://www.sinclair.edu29
Pikes Peak Community CollegeColorado SpringsColoradohttp://www.ppcc.edu29
Bellevue CollegeBellevueWashingtonhttp://www.bellevuecollege.edu/ 29
Baker College of OwossoOwossoMichiganhttp://www.baker.edu29
Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community CollegeAshevilleNorth Carolinahttps://www.abtech.edu/ 29
Academy of Careers and TechnologyBeckleyWest Virginiahttp://www.wvact.net29
Waukesha County Technical CollegePewaukeeWisconsinhttp://www.wctc.edu28
Lorenzo Walker Institute of TechnologyNaplesFloridahttp://lwit.edu27
Jackson State Community CollegeJacksonTennesseehttp://www.jscc.edu27
Columbus Technical CollegeColumbusGeorgiahttp://www.columbustech.edu/27
City Colleges of Chicago-Malcolm X CollegeChicagoIllinoishttp://www.ccc.edu/colleges/malcolm-x/pages/default.aspx27
City Colleges of Chicago-Harry S Truman CollegeChicagoIllinoishttp://ccc.edu/colleges/truman/pages/default.aspx26
Quinebaug Valley Community CollegeDanielsonConnecticuthttp://www.qvcc.edu26
Community College of Rhode IslandWarwickRhode Islandhttp://www.ccri.edu25
Southern Crescent Technical CollegeGriffinGeorgiahttps://www.sctech.edu/ 25
Illinois Central CollegeEast PeoriaIllinoishttp://icc.edu/ 25
Northwest State Community CollegeArchboldOhiohttp://www.northweststate.edu24
Miller-Motte Technical College-LynchburgLynchburgVirginiahttp://www.miller-motte.edu/24
Lively Technical CenterTallahasseeFloridahttp://livelytech.com/ 24
Fortis College-Baton RougeBaton RougeLouisianahttps://www.fortis.edu/ 24
Davidson County Community CollegeThomasvilleNorth Carolinahttps://www.davidsonccc.edu/ 24
Bainbridge State CollegeBainbridgeGeorgiahttp://www.bainbridge.edu24
University of Alaska AnchorageAnchorageAlaskahttp://www.uaa.alaska.edu23
Southwestern Illinois CollegeBellevilleIllinoishttp://www.swic.edu23
Shoreline Community CollegeShorelineWashingtonhttp://www.shoreline.edu23
Red Rocks Community CollegeLakewoodColoradohttp://www.rrcc.edu23
Oakland Community CollegeBloomfield HillsMichiganhttps://www.oaklandcc.edu/ 23
Miller-Motte College-JacksonvilleJacksonvilleNorth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu23
Illinois Valley Community CollegeOglesbyIllinoishttp://www.ivcc.edu23
Rockingham Community CollegeWentworthNorth Carolinahttp://www.rockinghamcc.edu22
Pima Community CollegeTucsonArizonahttps://www.pima.edu/ 22
Oswego County BOCESMexicoNew Yorkhttp://citiboces.org/site/default.aspx?PageID=1 22
Georgia Piedmont Technical CollegeClarkstonGeorgiahttp://www.gptc.edu22
Elgin Community CollegeElginIllinoishttp://elgin.edu/homepage.aspx 22
Davenport UniversityGrand RapidsMichiganhttp://www.davenport.edu22
Casper CollegeCasperWyominghttp://www.caspercollege.edu22
Bossier Parish Community CollegeBossier CityLouisianahttp://www.bpcc.edu22
Atlanta Technical CollegeAtlantaGeorgiahttp://www.atlantatech.edu/22
American National UniversitySalemVirginiahttps://www.an.edu/ 22
Ultimate Medical Academy-TampaTampaFloridahttp://www.ultimatemedical.edu22
Sheridan Technical CenterHollywoodFloridahttp://www.SheridanTechnical.com22
Salter School of Nursing and Allied HealthManchesterNew Hampshirehttp://salternursing.com/ 22
Southeast Arkansas CollegePine BluffArkansashttp://seark.edu/ 21
Okefenokee Technical CollegeWaycrossGeorgiahttp://www.coastalpines.edu/programs/allied-health-programs/21
Montgomery County Community CollegeBlue BellPennsylvaniahttp://www.mc3.edu21
Miller-Motte Technical College-ClarksvilleClarksvilleTennesseehttp://www.miller-motte.edu21
City Colleges of Chicago-Richard J Daley CollegeChicagoIllinoishttp://ccc.edu/colleges/daley/pages/default.aspx21
Alaska Career CollegeAnchorageAlaskahttp://www.alaskacareercollege.edu21
Tooele Applied Technology CollegeTooeleUtahhttp://tatc.edu/ 20
Spartanburg Community CollegeSpartanburgSouth Carolinahttps://www.sccsc.edu/home/ 20
Institute of Technology IncSalemOregonhttp://www.iot.edu/iot/t-salem.html 20
Ashland County-West Holmes Career CenterAshlandOhiohttp://www.acwhcc-jvs.k12.oh.us/ 20
Southeast Technical InstituteSioux FallsSouth Dakotahttp://www.southeasttech.edu19
Massasoit Community CollegeBrocktonMassachusettshttp://www.massasoit.edu/ 19
Kennebec Valley Community CollegeFairfieldMainehttp://www.kvcc.me.edu19
Georgia Northwestern Technical CollegeRomeGeorgiahttp://www.gntc.edu19
Cleveland Community CollegeShelbyNorth Carolinahttp://www.clevelandcc.edu19
Black River Technical CollegePocahontasArkansashttp://www.blackrivertech.edu19
Warren County Career CenterLebanonOhiohttp://www.mywccc.org18
Southwest Georgia Technical CollegeThomasvilleGeorgiahttp://www.southwestgatech.edu/18
Dutchess Community CollegePoughkeepsieNew Yorkhttp://www.sunydutchess.edu18
Central Georgia Technical CollegeWarner RobinsGeorgiahttp://www.centralgatech.edu18
Barton County Community CollegeGreat BendKansashttp://www.bartonccc.edu18
Washington County Career Center-Adult Technical TrainingMariettaOhiohttp://mycareerschool.com/ 17
SUNY Broome Community CollegeBinghamtonNew Yorkhttp://WWW.SUNYBROOME.EDU17
Edmonds Community CollegeLynnwoodWashingtonhttp://www.edcc.edu17
Choffin Career and Technical CenterYoungstownOhiohttp://www.choffincareer.com17
Abdill Career College IncMedfordOregonhttp://www.abdill.com17
Olney Central CollegeOlneyIllinoishttp://www.iecc.edu/occ16
Oakton Community CollegeDes PlainesIllinoishttp://www.oakton.edu16
Miller-Motte College-WilmingtonWilmingtonNorth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu16
Lanier Technical CollegeOakwoodGeorgiahttp://www.laniertech.edu/default2.aspx 16
Southwest Skill Center-Campus of Estrella Mountain Community CollegeAvondaleArizonahttp://www.estrellamountain.edu/southwest-skill-center16
Southeastern Community CollegeWhitevilleNorth Carolinahttp://www.sccnc.edu16
Yavapai CollegePrescottArizonahttp://www.YC.EDU15
Saint Johns River State CollegePalatkaFloridahttp://www.sjrstate.edu15
Pike County Joint Vocational School DistrictPiketonOhiohttp://www.pikectc.org15
Piedmont Community CollegeRoxboroNorth Carolinahttp://www.piedmontcc.edu15
Medical Allied Career CenterSanta Fe SpringsCaliforniahttp://www.medicalalliedcareercenter.com15
Kaplan University-Hagerstown CampusHagerstownMarylandhttp://www.kaplanuniversity.edu/hagerstown-maryland.aspx15
Frontier Community CollegeFairfieldIllinoishttp://www.iecc.edu/fcc/ 15
Wayne Community CollegeGoldsboroNorth Carolinahttp://www.waynecc.edu14
Southern State Community CollegeHillsboroOhiohttp://www.sscc.edu14
Northwestern Institute of Health and TechnologyChicagoIllinoishttp://www.nwiht.edu/14
Northwest Louisiana Technical CollegeMindenLouisianahttp://www.nwltc.edu14
L E Fletcher Technical Community CollegeSchrieverLouisianahttp://www.fletcher.edu/14
Knox County Career CenterMount VernonOhiohttp://www.adultedkccc.org/ 14
Fortis Institute-Forty FortForty FortPennsylvaniahttp://www.fortisinstitute.edu14
Brookline College-TempeTempeArizonahttp://brooklinecollege.edu/ 14
Southwestern Community CollegeSylvaNorth Carolinahttps://www.southwesterncc.edu/ 13
South Suburban CollegeSouth HollandIllinoishttp://www.ssc.edu/13
Phillips Community College of the University of ArkansasHelenaArkansashttp://www.pccua.edu13
Flagler Technical InstitutePalm CoastFloridahttp://FTI.FlaglerSchools.com13
Everett Community CollegeEverettWashingtonhttp://www.everettcc.edu13
Davis Applied Technology CollegeKaysvilleUtahhttp://www.datc.edu13
Traviss Career CenterLakelandFloridahttp://www.traviss.edu12
Pinellas Technical Education Center-ClearwaterClearwaterFloridahttp://www.myptec.org/ 12
Northshore Technical Community CollegeBogalusaLouisianahttp://northshorecollege.edu/12
Morgan Community CollegeFort MorganColoradohttp://www.morgancc.edu12
Middlesex Community CollegeBedfordMassachusettshttps://www.middlesex.mass.edu/ 12
Stratford UniversityFairfaxVirginiahttp://www.stratford.edu11
Northwest Career CollegeLas VegasNevadahttps://www.northwestcareercollege.edu/ 11
Niagara County Community CollegeSanbornNew Yorkhttp://www.niagaracc.suny.edu11
Glen Oaks Community CollegeCentrevilleMichiganhttps://www.glenoaks.edu/Pages/default.aspx 11
Fortis College-MontgomeryMontgomeryAlabamahttps://www.fortis.edu/ 11
Blackhawk Technical CollegeJanesvilleWisconsinhttp://www.blackhawk.edu11
ATA Career EducationSpring HillFloridahttp://www.atafl.edu11
Winter Park TechWinter ParkFloridahttp://www.ocpstechcenters.net/winterparktech/Pages/default.aspx10
Westmoreland County Community CollegeYoungwoodPennsylvaniahttps://wccc.edu/ 10
Wayne County Community College DistrictDetroitMichiganhttp://www.wcccd.edu10
St Luke's CollegeSioux CityIowahttp://www.stlukescollege.edu10
RGV CareersPharrTexashttp://rgvcareers.edu/ 10
Pima Medical Institute-Las VegasLas VegasNevadahttp://pmi.edu10
Miller-Motte Technical College-MadisonMadisonTennesseehttp://www.miller-motte.edu/ 10
Lake Technical CenterEustisFloridahttp://www.laketech.org10
Gaston CollegeDallasNorth Carolinahttp://www.gaston.edu10
Bellingham Technical CollegeBellinghamWashingtonhttp://www.btc.edu/ 10
Columbus State Community CollegeColumbusOhiohttp://www.cscc.edu/9
Bunker Hill Community CollegeBostonMassachusettshttp://www.bhcc.mass.edu9
Athens Technical CollegeAthensGeorgiahttp://www.athenstech.edu/9
Arkansas State University-Mountain HomeMountain HomeArkansashttps://www.asumh.edu/ 9
Skagit Valley CollegeMount VernonWashingtonhttp://www.skagit.edu/default.asp 9
North Central Michigan CollegePetoskeyMichiganhttp://www.ncmich.edu9
Monroe County Community CollegeMonroeMichiganhttp://www.monroeccc.edu9
Massachusetts Bay Community CollegeWellesley HillsMassachusettshttp://www.massbay.edu9
North Arkansas CollegeHarrisonArkansashttp://www.northark.edu8
Nicolet Area Technical CollegeRhinelanderWisconsinhttp://www.nicoletcollege.edu8
Miller-Motte College-RaleighRaleighNorth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu8
Halifax Community CollegeWeldonNorth Carolinahttp://www.halifaxcc.edu8
Edison State Community CollegePiquaOhiohttp://www.edisonOHIO.edu8
City College-GainesvilleGainesvilleFloridahttp://www.citycollege.edu8
Cameron CollegeNew OrleansLouisianahttp://www.cameroncollege.com8
Cambridge Institute of Allied Health & TechnologyAltamonte SpringsFloridahttp://www.cambridgehealth.edu/8
Brunswick Community CollegeBoliviaNorth Carolinahttp://www.brunswickcc.edu8
Alexandria Technical & Community CollegeAlexandriaMinnesotahttp://www.alextech.edu8
Yorktowne Business InstituteYorkPennsylvaniahttp://www.ybi.edu7
Turtle Mountain Community CollegeBelcourtNorth Dakotahttp://www.tm.edu7
Spencerian College-LexingtonLexingtonKentuckyhttp://spencerian.edu/programs-lexington.asp7
Northcoast Medical Training AcademyKentOhiohttp://www.northcoastmedicalacademy.com/ 7
National College-YoungstownYoungstownOhiohttps://www.an.edu/locations/youngstown-oh/ 7
National College-LexingtonLexingtonKentuckyhttp://www.national-college.edu7
Nash Community CollegeRocky MountNorth Carolinahttp://www.nashcc.edu7
Miller-Motte Technical College-North CharlestonCharlestonSouth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu/ 7
Indian River State CollegeFort PierceFloridahttp://www.irsc.edu7
Indian Hills Community CollegeOttumwaIowahttp://www.indianhills.edu7
Baker College of JacksonJacksonMichiganhttp://www.baker.edu7
Southwestern Michigan CollegeDowagiacMichiganhttps://www.swmich.edu/ 6
Rose State CollegeMidwest CityOklahomahttps://www.rose.edu/ 6
Putnam Career and Technical CenterEleanorWest Virginiahttp://www.pctc.edu/6
Pickaway Ross Joint Vocational School DistrictChillicotheOhiohttp://www.pickawayross.com6
O C Collins Career CenterChesapeakeOhiohttp://www.collins-cc.edu6
Northland Community and Technical CollegeThief River FallsMinnesotahttp://www.northlandcollege.edu6
Minnesota State College-Southeast TechnicalWinonaMinnesotahttp://www.southeastmn.edu6
Madison Adult Career CenterMansfieldOhiohttp://www.madisonadultcc.org/wslogin/form 6
College of the AlbemarleElizabeth CityNorth Carolinahttp://www.albemarle.edu6
Angeles CollegeLos AngelesCaliforniahttp://angelescollege.edu/ 6
Mt Diablo Adult EducationConcordCaliforniahttp://mdae-mdusd-ca.schoolloop.com/ctec5
Darton State CollegeAlbanyGeorgiahttp://www.darton.edu5
Coffeyville Community CollegeCoffeyvilleKansashttp://www.coffeyville.edu5
City Colleges of Chicago-Olive-Harvey CollegeChicagoIllinoishttp://ccc.edu/colleges/olive-harvey/pages/default.aspx5
Arizona College-GlendaleGlendaleArizonahttp://www.arizonacollege.edu5
Acadiana Technical College-Lafayette CampusLafayetteLouisianahttp://solacc.edu/ 5
River Valley Community CollegeClaremontNew Hampshirehttp://www.rivervalley.edu4
Neosho County Community CollegeChanuteKansashttp://www.neosho.edu4
Manchester Community CollegeManchesterNew Hampshirehttp://www.mccnh.edu4
Joliet Junior CollegeJolietIllinoishttp://www.jjc.edu/Pages/default.aspx 4
High Plains Technology CenterWoodwardOklahomahttp://hptc.edu/ 4
Healthcare Training InstituteKennerLouisianahttp://healthcaretraininginstitutenola.net4
Forrest CollegeAndersonSouth Carolinahttp://forrestcollege.edu/ 4
Compass Career CollegeHammondLouisianahttp://www.compasscareercollege.net4
Salt Lake Community CollegeSalt Lake CityUtahhttp://www.slcc.edu3
Quincy CollegeQuincyMassachusettshttp://www.quincycollege.edu3
Minnesota West Community and Technical CollegeGranite FallsMinnesotahttp://www.mnwest.edu3
Minneapolis Community and Technical CollegeMinneapolisMinnesotahttp://www.minneapolis.edu3
Medical Career InstituteOceanNew Jerseyhttp://www.mcinj.edu3
Madison Area Technical CollegeMadisonWisconsinhttp://madisoncollege.edu3
Vantage Career CenterVan WertOhiohttp://www.vantagecareercenter.com/ 2
Rend Lake CollegeInaIllinoishttp://www.rlc.edu2
Palo Verde CollegeBlytheCaliforniahttp://www.paloverde.edu2
Ogeechee Technical CollegeStatesboroGeorgiahttp://www.ogeecheetech.edu2
Miller-Motte College-CaryCaryNorth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu2
Miles Community CollegeMiles CityMontanahttps://www.milescc.edu/ 2
Kankakee Community CollegeKankakeeIllinoishttp://www.kcc.edu/Pages/Home.aspx 2
Chisholm Trail Technology CenterOmegaOklahomahttps://www.cttc.edu/ 2
Miller-Motte College-GreenvilleGreenvilleNorth Carolinahttp://www.miller-motte.edu1
Long Beach City CollegeLong BeachCaliforniahttp://www.lbcc.edu1
Ferris State UniversityBig RapidsMichiganhttp://www.ferris.edu/1
Charlotte Technical CenterPort CharlotteFloridahttp://yourcharlotteschools.net/ctc/ 1
WellSpring School of Allied Health-Kansas CityKansas CityMissourihttp://wellspring.edu/ 1
National College-StowStowOhiohttps://www.an.edu/locations/akron-oh/ 1
Minnesota State Community and Technical CollegeFergus FallsMinnesotahttp://www.minnesota.edu1
Miller-Motte Technical College-RoanokeRoanokeVirginiahttp://www.miller-motte.edu1
2013 School Data from IPEDS (Sourced in January, 2015)

Hybrid & online programs

Phlebotomy schools offer a number of options for students seeking flexibility in their course schedule. Although programs require students’ presence during the clinical, laboratory, or externship portions of their programs, some schools offer the opportunity to complete their coursework remotely.

For example, the CLIMB Program at Portland Community College (Oregon) offers a hybrid format combining 40 hours of clinical experience with five hours of self-directed study. This format can be ideal for people with families, full-time jobs, or other time-constraining circumstances. The practical instruction involves training in venipuncture, specimen collection, and blood-borne pathogens. This program may be especially useful for those with some experience in a medical environment who are looking for more clinical experience and didactic training in venipuncture, skin punctures (e.g., finger sticks, heel sticks, etc.) and point of care testing. Please note, however, that some experience in a medical facility is necessary for this program, which calls for 100+ supervised blood draws,. This is part of the crucial training for the the American Society of Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Phlebotomy Technician National Registry Examination administered by the Board of Certification (BOC).

Also, the South Central College of Minnesota provides a hybrid phlebotomy program. It offers a significant portion of the technical instruction online which can be completed before the laboratory work. Candidates for certification must work for at least one year as technicians in an accredited laboratory prior to taking the ASCP exam. This work must be at least 35 hours weekly involving both venipuncture and microtechniques. Some of the courses offered include:

  • Laboratory Techniques

  • Anatomy & Physiology Legal/ethical Issues

  • Multiskilling for Phlebotomists

  • Medical Terminology

  • Computer Software for College

Finally, at Alvin Community College (ACC), applicants must meet the following criteria prior to admission:

  • Have a high school diploma or GED

  • Pass a criminal background check

  • Complete the online application

  • Show proof of specific immunizations and submit a completed health form documenting a physical examination

  • Have valid CPR certification

This one-semester program also has a hybrid format with online classes and hands-on lab experience. There are a number of skills that are taught in this phlebotomy school including capillary skin punctures, specimen collection at different ages, patient identification, specimen labeling, ethics, and medical terminology. Most of the assignments and tests at ACC can be completed from home.

Core & Elective Courses

Phlebotomy schools have an array of formats, but most follow a familiar pattern. A majority of programs offer a one-year (or less) curriculum to prepare students for the following responsibilities:

  • Draw blood from hospital patients or blood donors

  • Assist people through the process

  • Identify patients

  • Label specimens correctly

  • Enter samples into the organizational database

  • Clean and maintain laboratory equipment (e.g., test tubes, needles, vials, etc.)

Here are some of the most common phlebotomy classes in accredited programs:

  • CPR and First Aid (NOTE: some programs require CPR certification prior to acceptance)

  • Anatomy and Physiology

  • Phlebotomy (e.g., Venipuncture, Centrifuging and Processing, etc.)

  • Urinalysis

  • Study Skills

  • Medical Terminology

  • Introduction to Laboratory Practices

  • Communication

  • Blood and Cell Composition

  • Blood Sampling Procedures

  • Medical Law and Bioethics

  • Diseases of the Human Body

These courses are generally completed in addition to a clinical supervision or externship training.

Additionally, there are a number of online resources that can serve as refresher courses in phlebotomy practices. The University of Utah, for example, offers an online review of venipuncture and specimen handling procedures.

It should be noted that phlebotomy can be a stepping stone to other careers in medical technology, medical assistance, and other related professions. 

Accreditation

Oftentimes, programs can be accredited by multiple overlapping bodies since there are a variety of regional, subject-specific, and distance-education accreditations.

The National Accrediting Agency of Clinical Laboratory Science (NAACLS) is one qualified organization that provides phlebotomy schools with accreditation. The process typically takes into account the curriculum, the faculty, and other standards of evaluation. A comprehensive list of of the NAACLS criteria can be found on their website.

Before applying to a phlebotomy school, it’s important that students take into consideration the standards of their state. In California, for example, a special state certification is necessary in order to practice phlebotomy. There is a list of accredited phlebotomy programs provided on the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) website.

Career Outlook

Phlebotomists work mainly in hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers, and doctor’s offices.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2013) projects that the phlebotomy profession will grow 27% between 2012 and 2022, much faster than the average increase expected for all occupations (11%). That amounts of a projected 27,100 jobs. There have been several reasons proposed for this increase in demand including an aging population, an expansion of access to healthcare with the introduction of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and the improvement of preventative care and medical monitoring.

The BLS (2013) reports the following annual salary data for phlebotomists:

  • 10th percentile: $21,760

  • 25th percentile: $25,510

  • 50th percentile (median): $30,150

  • 75th percentile: $36,270

  • 90th percentile: $43,190

According to the same report, the highest-paying states are Alaska, California, Delaware, New York, and Massachusetts.

Career FactsPhlebotomist
Related CareersDental Assistant, Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologist, Medical Assistant, Medical Records and Health Information Technician
Common Job TitlesMedical Laboratory Technician, Clinical Laboratory Technician, Phlebotomy Technician
Technology & EquipmentAnatomical Human Mannequins, Blood Bank Refrigerators, Blood Collection Needle, Capillary Or Hematocrit Tubes, Non-Vacuum Blood Collection Tubes Or Containers, Phlebotomy Trays Or Accessories, Specimen Tube Holders, Unopette Equipment, Volumtric Pipettes, Medical Software (E.G., Donor Management System [Dms] Software, Latric Systems Mobilab Software, Meditech Blood Bank, Etc.), Spreadsheet And Word-Processing Software
Sourced from BLS, January 2015

Licensing & Certification

As mentioned above, there are four states which require phlebotomists to be state-certified: California, Louisiana, Washington, and Nevada.

In California, for example, there are only six approved agencies for state licensing and certification:

Other states tend to have less strict criteria and accept certification from numerous national certification organizations. In order to ensure practice across a number of states, applicants can consider applying for licensure and certification through one of the above organizations.

There are various resources online to prepare students for national certification exams. The American Society of Clinical Pathology (ASCP) offers a reading list including the following volumes:

  • Becan-McBride, K. & Garza, D. (2010). Success! in Phlebotomy: A Question and Answer Review for Phlebotomy

  • Booth, K. & Mundt, L. (2012). Phlebotomy: A Competency-Based Approach

  • Ernst, D.J. (2005) Applied Phlebotomy

  • Garza, D. & Becan-McBride, K. (2010) Phlebotomy Handbook: Blood Specimen Collection from Basic to Advanced

  • Garza, D. & Becan-McBride, K (2012). Phlebotomy Simplified

  • McCall, R.E. & Tankersley, C.M. (2012). Phlebotomy Essentials